Q. What was stopping women from voting in the 1920’s?
Q. What was stopping black women from voting in the 1920’s?
A. They were women.
Q. What was stopping black women in the south from voting?
A. Jim Crowe
Q. So if women earned the right to vote did that include black women under Jim Crowe?
Q. Did black women in the south vote under Jim Crowe?
A. They tried. As did all black people in the south. Black people and white women were met with opposition from males who felt neither group had the right to vote.
What is Jim Crowe?
Jim Crowe were laws drawn in the southern united states forbidding black and whites to do anything together such as: Ride in the same cart on the train, drink from same water fountain, use the same bathroom, eat at the same restaurant, go to the same church, attend the same schools, buy from the same grocery store unless the coloreds went to the back window, live in the same neighborhood, and so on.
The term Jim Crowe refereed to a pre vaudeville act in the 1820’s when a man in black face would come out and dance and sing. The south adopted that image and name to apply to the laws.
Why could women not vote until August 18th 1920?
Men felt that women were not smart enough to vote. Men felt is was the woman’s place to stay at home cooking and cleaning and not voting. Men felt women were out of line and over stepping bounds by asking to do something equal to a man. Men felt they would lost power if women voted.
Did this include Black men?
Yes. Black men were granted the right to vote on March 3, 1870 and their votes counted. Women still were not given the right to vote. Black men went to vote and were harassed, beaten, killed, spit at and other horrible things. Due to the challenges black men faced they had no time to worry about the black woman. The black men had to come together and exercise their right by law to vote in peace.
Who got this women’s voting party started?
Most are familiar with Susan B Anthony. However, there was a women before her that actually put her boot down in men’s faces in the 1777’s. That woman was Abigail Smith Adams. President John Quincy Adams wife. She brought the issue directly to her husband and was basically told to shut up. Abby responded with “women will not hold ourselves bound by any laws which we have no voice.” She was still told to shut up. But she tried.
List of some of the Black women suffragettes in history. There were more.
Frances Ellen Watkins Harper. 1825-1911.
Frances was born a free black woman in Baltimore. 1858, before Rosa Parks, she refused to give up her seat in a trolley to a white person and there was a problem. In 1859 she became the first black women to publish a short story in a publication. In addition to writing poetry she was a slave abolitionist and fought for women and the colored women’s right to vote. She participated in this cause after visiting the south and seeing the appalling conditions that black women were living in.
Anna Julia Cooper. 1858 – 1964.
Her mother was a slave and her father the slave master. She was born North Carolina. She was freed at the age of 6. She became educated at the age of 9 at a school for newly freed slaves. She became involved in the women’s suffrage movement. She had this to say, “Only the BLACK WOMAN can say when and where I enter in the quiet undisputed dignity of my womanhood, without violence or special patronage; then and there the whole Negro race enters with me.”
Ida B Wells 1862-1931
Born a slave in Mississippi. Parents were Republicans. Bought a first class train ticket ony to be told to go to the colored cart with no refund. She took the train to court and won her case. She began working on the National Equal Rights League which resulted in the protest at Wilson’s Presidential innuageration. She was told by Alice Paul to march in the back of the 1913 inauguration crash and have the coloreds stay in the back. Ida did not follow instructions and marched along side Alice Paul. .” Ida attended the 1913 mob on President Wilson’s innaugeration. She took with her some members of her Alpha Suffrage Club of Chicago which she founded.
Sojourner Truth. 1797 – 1883
Born a slave and originally named Isabelle Baumfree. She and her parents were soon purchased and taken to New York. Known for her Ain’t I a woman speech in Akron Ohio in 1851. She fought during and after slavery for the negro women’s rights and equality including the right to vote.
“I feel that I have the right to have just as much as a man. There is a great stir about colored men getting their rights, but not a word about the colored women; and if colored men get their rights, and colored women not theirs, the colored men will be masters over the women, and it will be just as bad as it was before”
Ain’t I A Woman?
“That man over there says that women need to be helped into carriages, and lifted over ditches, and to have the best place everywhere. Nobody ever helps me into carriages, or over mud-puddles, or gives me any best place! And ain’t I a woman? Look at me! Look at my arm! I have ploughed and planted, and gathered into barns, and no man could head me! And ain’t I a woman? I could work as much and eat as much as a man – when I could get it – and bear the lash as well! And ain’t I a woman? I have borne thirteen children, and seen most all sold off to slavery, and when I cried out with my mother’s grief, none but Jesus heard me! And ain’t I a woman?”
Nannie Helen Burroughs 1879 – 1961
Born in Virginia to former slaves and moved to Louisville Kentucky where she became a secretary. Was a part of the women’s industrial club. In the early 1900’s she fought for women’s right to vote. At some point after 1947 she moved to Washington DC where she worked for Herbert Hoover.
Elizabeth Piper Ensley 1848 – 1919
Born in the carribean and moved to boston in the 1870’s. 1890’s moved to Colorado. Fought to put the women’s suffrage on the Denver Colorado ballot.
Timeline of most of the women’s suffrage events
1777 Abigail Adams. Wife and mother of presidents John Quincy Adams and John Adams Jr.
1792 Mary Wollstonecraft was having none of it. She published a book called Vindication of the Rights of Women in England. Women loved her book. Men still refused women the right to vote.
1836 The Grimke Sisters were against slavery and for women’s rights. They were outspoken, challenging, and were treated badly with profanity and eventually thrown in jail.
1840 London. Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady tried to level the playing field with women and had some success. Women were still denied the vote but these ladies got the ball rolling.
1844 The state constitution stated the following: “One. Every white male citizen of the United States, of age twenty-one years, who shall have been a resident of this state one year would be entitled to vote.”
1848 Elizabeth Cody Stanton went to the Seneca Falls convention and caused a scene with Lucretia Mott. They got their point across, however, women still could not vote.
1861 Susan B Anthony and the Civil War. Susan was the most vocal and came with serious ammunition to solidify all the women that came before her. Until her death in 1906 she made it known that women will have the right to vote. She also made this statement in reference to the black man having the right to vote but not women. “I will cut off this right arm of mine before I will ever work or demand the ballot for the Negro and not the woman.”
1867 Slavery is over and now black women have entered the equation for rights to vote as women. Thus beginning a 52 year debate on all women regardless of color voting along with men.
1870 Black men were given the right to vote. Black women were not given the right to vote. Not because they were black. No women were allowed to vote.
Black men were harassed while voting. As a result black men had to fight for other black men’s enforcement of voting which left black women without their voice. In turn, black women and white women had no choice but to come together as women and take on the guys.
1870 All women showed up to the polls and cast their vote only to have it thrown away and not counted.
1872 Susan B Anthony, Grimke Sisters, and a host of women were thrown in jail for voting. They continued their cause.
1878 Women introduce their suffrage movement to congress.
1884 through 1900 women protest, debate, march, hold signs, and yell at men for the right to vote.
1913 Alice Paul organized a women’s march and messed up the New President Wilson’s inauguration with a flash mob march demanding the right to vote. Eye witness Mary Walton described the scene in 1913 “The violence erupted minutes after the parade began. The crowd broke through steel cables and spilled into the street. Men, many of them drunk, spit at the marchers and grabbed their clothing, hurled insults and lighted cigarettes, snatched banners and tried to climb floats. Police did little to keep order. Observed one of Paul’s supporters, ‘I did not know men could be such fiends.’ ”
Black women were told to march in the back of the procession due to a recent attack on a black man that struck fear in that community. Black women ignored that and walked side by side with white suffragettes. Nothing was said.
1913 through 1919 women continue to invade congress with the right to vote.
August 18th 1920 the 19th Amendment is passed. All women now have the right to vote.
What Abigail started in 1777 came to be in 1920 with the help of hundreds and hundreds of women along the way. After 143 years of fighting the issue women finally had the right to vote.